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Thermodynamic Evolution of Recurving Tropical Cyclone Bonnie (1998)

Title: The Thermodynamic Evolution of Recurving Tropical Cyclone Bonnie (1998).
Name(s): Evans, Allen Clark, author
Hart, Robert E., professor directing dissertation
Elsner, James B., outside committee member
Krishnamurti, T. N., committee member
Reasor, Paul, committee member
Ruscher, Paul, committee member
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2009
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: One of the defining characteristics of the extratropical transition of tropical cyclones is the transition of the warm core thermal structure associated with the tropical cyclone into an initially cold core thermal structure associated with the extratropical cyclone. Despite this being a defining characteristic of the extratropical transition process, the literature expresses no consensus agreement upon or a quantification and physical description of the factors that explicitly cause this transition to occur. Understanding this evolution is important in order to better forecast and describe the evolution of physical features within the cyclone such as its four-dimensional wind field structure and to begin to quantify the contributors to the poleward transport of heat energy associated with the transitioning cyclone and its impacts upon hemisphere weather patterns and model predictability. This work employs a suite of high resolution numerical simulations in order to quantify and physically describe the evolution of the thermodynamic structure associated with a typical extratropical transition case, North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Bonnie of 1998. Thermodynamic budgets native to the numerical model's primitive equation set and physical parameterizations are computed during the transition phase of the cyclone within a four-dimensional analysis framework. The observed warm-to-cold thermal profile evolution is found to arise out of an imbalance between dynamical cooling and parameterized warming contributions. This dynamical cooling, as influenced by horizontal advection, vertical advection and adiabatic cooling, and total divergence, is of greater magnitude than warming associated with latent heat release due to condensation and deposition processes within the transitioning cyclone's delta rain region. While the net thermodynamic evolution is found to be relatively resolution-insensitive, specific details of the thermodynamic balance are found to vary depending upon the horizontal resolution of the given numerical simulation. The thermodynamic evolution is ultimately shown to be a natural outgrowth of the factors that influence extratropical transition as a whole and is found to closely resemble the mature and occluding stages of purely cold-core extratropical cyclone development.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-0440 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Meteorology in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Degree Awarded: Fall Semester, 2009.
Date of Defense: Date of Defense: July 28, 2009.
Keywords: Extratropical Transition, Extratropical Cyclones, Cold Fronts, Numerical Modeling, Thermodynamics, Tropical Storm, Hurricanes, Tropical Cyclone
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Robert E. Hart, Professor Directing Dissertation; James B. Elsner, Outside Committee Member; T. N. Krishnamurti, Committee Member; Paul Reasor, Committee Member; Paul Ruscher, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Meteorology
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

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Evans, A. C. (2009). The Thermodynamic Evolution of Recurving Tropical Cyclone Bonnie (1998). Retrieved from