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Active and Passive Interaction Control for Robotic Manipulators

Title: Active and Passive Interaction Control for Robotic Manipulators.
Name(s): Shirey, Theresa A., author
Roberts, Rodney, professor directing dissertation
Collins, Emmanuel, outside committee member
Foo, Simon, committee member
Tung, Leonard, committee member
Crane, Carl, committee member
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2004
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Motion control of robot manipulators is typically accomplished by sensing and regulating the positions of the joint actuators to cause the end-effector to follow a programmed trajectory. Unfortunately, position control schemes usually fail for tasks that require significant physical interaction between the robot and a workpiece. This restriction severely limits the scope of work that robots are able to do. A solution to this problem is to incorporate some form of compliance into the manipulator to compensate for positioning errors. Researchers have been focused on two principal methods of achieving manipulator compliance -- passive mechanism synthesis and active force control -- both of which have advantages and disadvantages. In this thesis, recent advances in passive mechanism synthesis algorithms are presented, and highlighted by two new algorithms that were developed during this research. New results in stiffness matrix analysis are presented on the bounds of the stiffness constants and relationship between the diagonal components and eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix. Active force control is explored, and stability problems are analyzed. Previous efforts at combining active and passive interaction control are assessed, and an improved method is proposed to simultaneously provide a simple, compact, passive mechanism with an active force control scheme to obtain a compliant manipulator with desirable characteristics for interaction control.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-1748 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation Submitted to the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2004.
Date of Defense: April 2, 2004.
Keywords: active force control, compliance mechanism, spatial stiffness
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory committee: Rodney Roberts, Professor Directing Dissertation; Emmanuel Collins, Outside Committee Member; Simon Foo, Committee Member; Leonard Tung, Committee Member; Carl Crane, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Electrical engineering
Computer engineering
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Host Institution: FSU

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Shirey, T. A. (2004). Active and Passive Interaction Control for Robotic Manipulators. Retrieved from