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Cognitions and Emotions Experienced under Pressure

Title: Cognitions and Emotions Experienced under Pressure: A Self Presentation and Challenge/Threat Perspective.
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Name(s): Howle, Timothy, author
Eklund, Robert, professor directing thesis
Tenenbaum, Gershon, committee member
Eccles, David, committee member
Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, degree granting department
Florida State University, degree granting institution
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2012
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: An experiment was conducted to investigate the cognitions and emotions athletes experience in pressure situations. Athlete participants were asked to read either a low self-presentation script, which de-emphasized self-presentation concerns, or a high self-presentation script, which emphasized self-presentation concerns. All participants were then asked to complete measures of cognitive appraisal, associated variables (i.e., self-efficacy, perceived control, and approach/avoidance goal focus), emotion, and the perception of emotion. Participants who read the low self-presentation script reported more of a challenge state of cognitive appraisal, higher self-efficacy, lower avoidance goal focus, and more positive emotion. Participants who read the high self-presentation script experienced more of a threat state of cognitive appraisal and reported more negative emotion. Non-significant differences were found for the perception of emotion, although participants who read the low self-presentation script did perceive positive emotion as comparatively more facilitative to performance and negative emotion as comparatively more debilitative to performance. The results give support to the notion that self-presentation concerns play an important role in explaining performance under pressure. It is suggested that self-presentation imperatives, cognitive appraisal, and emotion should all be included in models which seek to explain the experience and performance of athletes in pressure situations.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-4918 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2012.
Date of Defense: March 27, 2012.
Keywords: Appraisal, Emotion, Psychology, Self-presentation, Sport
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Robert Eklund, Professor Directing Thesis; Gershon Tenenbaum, Committee Member; David Eccles, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Educational psychology
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-4918
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Howle, T. (2012). Cognitions and Emotions Experienced under Pressure: A Self Presentation and Challenge/Threat Perspective. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-4918