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Late Onset Sporadic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Caused by a Cardiac Troponin T Mutation

Title: Late Onset Sporadic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Caused by a Cardiac Troponin T Mutation.
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Name(s): Morales, Ana, author
Pinto, Jose, author
Siegfried, Jill, author
Li, Duanxiang, author
Norton, Nadine, author
Hofmeyer, Mark, author
Vallin, Marta, author
Morales, Azorides R., author
Potter, James, author
Hershberger, Ray, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2010
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Mutations in TNNT2, encoding cardiac troponin T, commonly shows early onset, aggressive dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This observation may influence the decision of whether to undertake clinical genetic testing for TNNT2 in later onset DCM. Further, the trigger for late onset DCM remains enigmatic. A 70-year-old woman, previously healthy with a left ventricular ejection fraction of 50%-55% at age 69, presented with DCM of unknown cause and a 4-month history progressive heart failure requiring cardiac transplantation. Clinical genetic testing revealed a novel TNNT2 R139H mutation but no relevant variants in 18 other DCM genes. Her explanted heart showed partial fatty replacement in the right ventricle. Sequencing for five arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia genes was negative. Functional studies in porcine cardiac skinned fibers reconstituted with the mutant R139H troponin T protein showed decreased Ca(2+) sensitivity at pH 7, characteristic of DCM. Because fatty infiltration may acidify the myocellular environment, maximal force development examined at pH 6.5 was diminished, suggesting a possible environmental trigger. We conclude that the TNNT2 R139H mutation was likely to be disease causing. Further, later age of onset may not be relevant to exclude genetic testing for TNNT2 mutations.
Identifier: FSU_migr_biomed_faculty_publications-0054 (IID), 10.1111/j.1752-8062.2010.00228.x (DOI)
Keywords: dilated cardiomyopathy, genetics
Uncontrolled subjects: Age of Onset, Aged, Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Cardiomyopathy, Dilated, Exons, Female, Heterozygote, Humans, Introns, Male, Mutation, Myocardium, Pedigree, Sus scrofa, Troponin T
Note: Originally published in Clinical'>http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1752-8062.2010.00228.x/abstract">Clinical and Translational Science.
Citation: Morales A, Pinto JR, Siegfried JD, Li D, Norton N, Hofmeyer M, Vallin M, Morales AR, Potter JD, & Hershberger RE. (2010). Late onset sporadic dilated cardiomyopathy caused by a cardiac troponin T mutation. Clin Transl Sci, Oct;3(5):219-26. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-8062.2010.00228.x.
Subject(s): Amino acids
Peptides
Proteins
Cardiovascular system -- Diseases
Cardiovascular system
Genetics
Investigations
Macromolecules
Medical sciences
Musculoskeletal system
Tissues
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-8062.2010.00228.x
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_biomed_faculty_publications-0054
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Clinical and Translational Science.
Issue: 5, 3

Choose the citation style.
Morales, A., Pinto, J., Siegfried, J., Li, D., Norton, N., Hofmeyer, M., … Hershberger, R. (2010). Late Onset Sporadic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Caused by a Cardiac Troponin T Mutation. Clinical And Translational Science. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-8062.2010.00228.x