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Author Team Diversity and the Impact of Scientific Publications

Title: Author Team Diversity and the Impact of Scientific Publications: Evidence from Physics Research at a National Science Lab.
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Name(s): Hinnant, Charles, author
Stvilia, Besiki, author
Wu, Shuheng, author
Worrall, Adam, author
Burnett, Gary, 1955-, author
Burnett, Kathleen, author
Kazmer, Michelle M., author
Marty, Paul F., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2012
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In the second half of the 20th century, scientific research in physics, chemistry, and engineering began to focus on the use of large government-funded laboratories. This shift toward so-called big science also brought about a concomitant change in scientific work itself, with a sustained trend toward the use of highly specialized scientific teams, elevating the role of team characteristics on scientific outputs. The actual impact of scientific knowledge is commonly measured by how often peer-reviewed publications are, in turn, cited by other researchers. Therefore, how characteristics such as author team seniority, affiliation diversity, and size affect the overall impact of team publications was examined. Citation information and author demographics were reviewed for 123 articles published in Physical Review Letters from 2004 to 2006 and written by 476 scientists who used the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory's facilities. Correlation analysis indicated that author teams that were more multi-institutional and had homogeneous seniority tended to have more senior scientists. In addition, the analysis suggests that more mixed seniority author teams were likely to be less institutionally dispersed. Quantile regression was used to examine the relationships between author-team characteristics and publication impact. The analysis indicated that both weighted average seniority and average seniority had a negative relationship with the number of citations the publication received. Furthermore, the analysis also showed a positive relationship between first-author seniority and the number of citations, and a negative relationship between the number of authors and the number of citations.
Identifier: FSU_migr_slis_faculty_publications-0007 (IID), 10.1016/j.lisr.2012.03.001 (DOI)
Note: Pre-print version. Published in Library & Information Science Research, Volume 34, Issue 4, October 2012, pages 249-257. Copyright © 2012, Elsevier. The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lisr.2012.03.001
Citation: Charles C. Hinnant, Besiki Stvilia, Shuheng Wu, Adam Worrall, Gary Burnett, Kathleen Burnett, Michelle M. Kazmer, Paul F. Marty, Author-team diversity and the impact of scientific publications: Evidence from physics research at a national science lab, Library & Information Science Research, Volume 34, Issue 4, October 2012, Pages 249-257, ISSN 0740-8188, 10.1016/j.lisr.2012.03.001. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740818812000527)
Subject(s): Information science
Library science
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_slis_faculty_publications-0007
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: iSchool Faculty Publications.