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Cross-Cultural Studies of Personality Traits and Their Relevance to Psychiatry

Title: Cross-Cultural Studies of Personality Traits and Their Relevance to Psychiatry.
Name(s): Terracciano, Antonio, author
McCrae, Robert R., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2006
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: AIMS: This article provides a brief review of recent cross-cultural research on personality traits at both individual and culture levels, highlighting the relevance of recent findings for psychiatry. METHOD: In most cultures around the world, personality traits can be clearly summarized by the five broad dimensions of the Five-Factor Model (FFM), which makes it feasible to compare cultures on personality and psychopathology. RESULTS: Maturational patterns and sex differences in personality traits generally show cultural invariance, which generates the hypothesis that age of onset, clinical evolution, and sex differences in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders might follow similar universal patterns. The average personality profiles from 51 cultures show meaningful geographical distributions and associations with culture-level variables, but are clearly unrelated to national character stereotypes. CONCLUSIONS: Aggregate personality scores can potentially be related to epidemiological data on psychiatric disorders, and dimensional personality models have implications for psychiatric diagnosis and treatment around the world.
Identifier: FSU_migr_geriatrics_faculty_publications-0034 (IID)
Keywords: personality, psychopathology, culture, personality disorders
Uncontrolled subjects: Age Factors, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Humans, Mental Disorders, Psychiatry
Note: Originally published in Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale.
Citation: Terracciano A & McCrae RR (2006). Cross-cultural studies of personality traits and their relevance to psychiatry. Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale, 15, 176-84.
Subject(s): Medical sciences
Mental health
Social psychiatry
Mental illness
Psychological aspects
Social aspects
Social sciences
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Department of Geriatrics Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale.
Issue: 3, 15

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Terracciano, A., & McCrae, R. R. (2006). Cross-Cultural Studies of Personality Traits and Their Relevance to Psychiatry. Epidemiologia E Psichiatria Sociale. Retrieved from