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Racial Disparity in the Associations of Microalbuminuria and Macroalbuminuria with Odds of Hypertension

Title: Racial Disparity in the Associations of Microalbuminuria and Macroalbuminuria with Odds of Hypertension: Results from the NHANES Study in the United States.
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Name(s): Liu, Xuefeng, author
Liu, Yali, author
Tsilimingras, Dennis, author
Campbell, Kendall, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2013
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Background. Limited information is available on whether the associations of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria with the odds of hypertension differ among non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics. Methods. Cross-sectional data of 24,949 participants aged ≥18 years were collected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999–2008. Odds ratios of hypertension for microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were estimated by conducting weighted multiple logistic regression models. Results. After adjustment for extensive confounding factors, microalbuminuria is 1.45 (95% confidence interval (CI) [1.17, 1.80]), 2.07 (95% CI [1.52, 2.83]) and 2.81 (95% CI [2.06, 3.84]) times more likely to be associated with hypertension, and macroalbuminuria is 4.08 (95% CI [1.98, 8.38]), 8.62 (95% CI [3.84, 19.35]), and 4.43 (95% CI [2.13, 9.21]) times in non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics, respectively. The odds of hypertension for microalbuminuria (versus normalbuminuria) were 52% higher in non-Hispanic Blacks and 98% higher in Hispanics than in non-Hispanic Whites; the odds of hypertension for macroalbuminuria (versus normalbuminuria) did not differ among racial groups. Conclusion. Racial differences in the relation between microalbuminuria and hypertension are prevalent among non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics. More screening efforts should be encouraged in normotensive non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics with microalbuminuria.
Identifier: FSU_migr_fmr-0056 (IID), 10.5402/2013/390109 (DOI)
Keywords: microalbuminuria, macroalbuminuria, hypertension, racial disparities
Note: Originally published in ISRN'>http://www.hindawi.com/journals/isrn/2013/390109/">ISRN Hypertension.
Citation: Xuefeng Liu, Yali Liu, Dennis Tsilimingras, and Kendall M. Campbell, "Racial Disparity in the Associations of Microalbuminuria and Macroalbuminuria with Odds of Hypertension: Results from the NHANES Study in the United States," ISRN Hypertension, vol. 2013, Article ID 390109, 8 pages, 2013. doi:10.5402/2013/390109
Subject(s): Cardiology
Cardiovascular system -- Diseases
Community health services
Medicine, Preventive
Medical sciences
Public health
Ethnicity
Race
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/390109
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_fmr-0056
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Family Medicine and Rural Health Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: ISRN Hypertension.

Choose the citation style.
Liu, X., Liu, Y., Tsilimingras, D., & Campbell, K. (2013). Racial Disparity in the Associations of Microalbuminuria and Macroalbuminuria with Odds of Hypertension: Results from the NHANES Study in the United States. Isrn Hypertension. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.5402/2013/390109