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Personality, Metabolic Rate and Aerobic Capacity

Title: Personality, Metabolic Rate and Aerobic Capacity.
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Name(s): Terracciano, Antonio, author
Schrack, Jennifer, author
Sutin, Angelina, author
Chan, Wayne, author
Simonsick, Eleanor M., author
Ferrucci, Luigi, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: serial
Date Issued: 2013
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Personality traits and cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults are reliable predictors of health and longevity. We examined the association between personality traits and energy expenditure at rest (basal metabolic rate) and during normal and maximal sustained walking. Personality traits and oxygen (VO(2)) consumption were assessed in 642 participants from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Results indicate that personality traits were mostly unrelated to resting metabolic rate and energy expenditure at normal walking pace. However, those who scored lower on neuroticism (r = -0.12) and higher on extraversion (r = 0.11), openness (r = 0.13), and conscientiousness (r = 0.09) had significantly higher energy expenditure at peak walking pace. In addition to greater aerobic capacity, individuals with a more resilient personality profile walked faster and were more efficient in that they required less energy per meter walked. The associations between personality and energy expenditure were not moderated by age or sex, but were in part explained by the proportion of fat mass. In conclusion, differences in personality may matter the most during more challenging activities that require cardiorespiratory fitness. These findings suggest potential pathways that link personality to health outcomes, such as obesity and longevity.
Identifier: FSU_migr_mhs-0011 (IID), 10.1371/journal.pone.0054746 (DOI)
Keywords: Baltimore, basal metabolism, energy metabolism, oxygen consumption, personality, physical fitness
Uncontrolled subjects: Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Baltimore, Basal Metabolism, Energy Metabolism, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen Consumption, Personality, Physical Fitness
Note: Originally published in PLoS One.
Citation: Terracciano A, Schrack JA, Sutin AR, Chan W, Simonsick EM, et al. (2013) Personality, Metabolic Rate and Aerobic Capacity. PLoS ONE 8(1): e54746. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054746
Subject(s): Human behavior
Biochemistry
Metabolism
Nutrition
Geriatrics
Mental health
Health
Medicine
Medical sciences
Personality
Social aspects
Physiology
Psychology
Links: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054746
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_mhs-0011
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part of Series: Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine Faculty Publications.
Is Part Of: PLoS One.
Issue: 1, 8

Choose the citation style.
Terracciano, A., Schrack, J., Sutin, A., Chan, W., Simonsick, E. M., & Ferrucci, L. (2013). Personality, Metabolic Rate and Aerobic Capacity. Plos One. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054746