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Neighborhood Context and Generalized Trust

Title: Neighborhood Context and Generalized Trust: A Multilevel Mediation Examination of Fear and Police Efficacy.
Name(s): Intravia, Jonathan, author
Stewart, Eric Allen, professor directing dissertation
Taylor, John, university representative
Warren, Patricia Y. (Patricia Yvonne), committee member
Baumer, Eric P., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, degree granting college
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (136 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Prior research suggests that neighborhood context has an important role in shaping individuals' perceptions of generalized trust, which is an important ingredient in establishing informal social control. Since most of the empirical research focuses on the direct effects of neighborhood structural conditions, there is a rather limited understanding of how social processes affect individual levels of trust. As a result, it remains unclear whether several theoretically relevant social processes mediate the effects of neighborhood compositional features. The current study uses data from the Project of Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods--Community Survey (PHDCN-CS) to investigate whether social mechanisms, specifically fear and police efficacy, mediate the relationship between several adverse neighborhood conditions on individual-level generalized trust. The findings show that both fear and police efficacy are salient mechanisms in the neighborhood context and trust relationship. The theoretical and policy implications of the results are discussed, along with implications and directions for future research in this area.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9621 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the College of Criminology and Criminal Justice in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester, 2015.
Date of Defense: May 8, 2015.
Keywords: Fear, Neighborhood Effects, Police Efficacy, Trust
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Eric A. Stewart, Professor Directing Dissertation; John Taylor, University Representative; Patricia Y. Warren, Committee Member; Eric P. Baumer, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Criminology
Social structure
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU

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Intravia, J. (2015). Neighborhood Context and Generalized Trust: A Multilevel Mediation Examination of Fear and Police Efficacy. Retrieved from