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Unpacking the relationship between age and prison misconduct

Title: Unpacking the relationship between age and prison misconduct.
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Name(s): Valentine, Colby L., author
Mears, Daniel P., author
Bales, William D., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2015-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Purpose Age constitutes one of the most robust correlates of prison misconduct—younger inmates are more likely to commit infractions. Minimal theoretical or empirical attention, however, has been given to the potential nonlinear effect of age on misconduct. The current study examines the age-misconduct relationship and how it may vary by timing of misconduct after admission and by type of infraction. The paper also assesses the utility of different nonlinear transformations to estimate the age-misconduct relationship. Methods The study examines 137,552 offenders admitted to state prison in Florida from 1995 to 2000 and uses negative binomial regression to assess the relationship between age and misconduct. Results Analyses indicate that the youngest inmates, especially those age 24 and under, are substantially more likely to engage in misconduct, that this relationship is more pronounced during the initial months of incarceration, and that it holds regardless of type of offense. Conclusions The youngest inmates appear to be especially likely to engage in misconduct. Nonlinear specifications of the age-misconduct relationship should be employed in future research. Studies are needed to explain why misconduct is disproportionately higher among young inmates. Policies are needed that effectively reduce misconduct among this population.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459520787 (IID), 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.05.001 (DOI)
Publication Note: The author's accepted manuscript of this article is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/legalcode
Preferred Citation: Valentine, Colby L., Daniel P. Mears, and William D. Bales. 2015. “Unpacking the Relationship between Age and Prison Misconduct.” Journal of Criminal Justice 43(5):418-427. Version of Record can be found at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2015.05.001
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459520787
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of Criminal Justice.
Issue: iss. 5, vol. 43

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Valentine, C. L., Mears, D. P., & Bales, W. D. (2015). Unpacking the relationship between age and prison misconduct. Journal Of Criminal Justice. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1459520787