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Examining the dimensionality of effortful control in preschool children and its relation to academic and socioemotional indicators.

Title: Examining the dimensionality of effortful control in preschool children and its relation to academic and socioemotional indicators.
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Name(s): Allan, Nicholas P, author
Lonigan, Christopher J, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2011-07-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Effortful control (EC) is an important developmental construct, associated with socioemotional growth, academic performance, and psychopathology. EC is defined as the ability to execute goal-directed behavior to inhibit or delay a prepotent response in favor of a subdominant response. Extant research indicates that EC may be multidimensional. Confirmatory factor analysis with a sample of 234 preschoolers was used to determine if tasks designed to measure EC were best described by hot (affectively salient) and cool (affectively neutral) dimensions or by a single factor. Analyses revealed that EC is best described by a single factor, even when variance associated with children's language skills was removed. This EC factor was strongly related to measures of academic performance and significantly less related to measures of socioemotional development.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_21553957 (IID), 10.1037/a0023748 (DOI), PMC3521160 (PMCID), 21553957 (RID), 21553957 (EID), 2011-09339-001 (PII)
Grant Number: HD052120, P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3521160.
Subject(s): Analysis of Variance
Child
Child, Preschool
Educational Status
Emotions/physiology
Executive Function/physiology
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Female
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Social Behavior
Statistics as Topic
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_21553957
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Developmental psychology.
1939-0599
Issue: iss. 4, vol. 47

Choose the citation style.
Allan, N. P., & Lonigan, C. J. (2011). Examining the dimensionality of effortful control in preschool children and its relation to academic and socioemotional indicators. Developmental Psychology. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_21553957