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Dialect variation and reading

Title: Dialect variation and reading: is change in nonmainstream American English use related to reading achievement in first and second grades?.
Name(s): Terry, Nicole Patton, author
Connor, Carol McDonald, author
Petscher, Yaacov, author
Conlin, Catherine Ross, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2012-02-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: In this study, we examined (a) whether children who spoke Nonmainstream American English (NMAE) frequently in school at the beginning of 1st grade increased their use of Mainstream American English (MAE) through the end of 2nd grade, and whether increasing MAE use was associated with (b) language and reading skills and school context and (c) greater gains in reading skills. A longitudinal design was implemented with 49 children who spoke NMAE moderately to strongly. Spoken production of NMAE forms, word reading, and reading comprehension were measured at the beginning, middle, and end of 1st and 2nd grades. Various oral language skills were also measured at the beginning of 1st grade. Results indicate that most children increased their MAE production during 1st grade and maintained these levels in 2nd grade. Increasing MAE use was predicted by children's expressive vocabulary and nonword repetition skills at the beginning of 1st grade. Finally, the more children increased their MAE production, the greater were their reading gains from 1st grade through 2nd grade. The findings extend previous reports of a significant association between NMAE use and specific reading skills among young children and have implications for theory, educational practice, and future research.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_22199203 (IID), 10.1044/1092-4388(2011/09-0257) (DOI), PMC4300521 (PMCID), 22199203 (RID), 22199203 (EID), 1092-4388_2011_09-0257 (PII)
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Child
Child Language
Educational Status
Language Development
Longitudinal Studies
Social Environment
Verbal Behavior
Verbal Learning
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR.
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 55

Choose the citation style.
Terry, N. P., Connor, C. M. D., Petscher, Y., & Conlin, C. R. (2012). Dialect variation and reading: is change in nonmainstream American English use related to reading achievement in first and second grades? Journal Of Speech, Language, And Hearing Research : Jslhr. Retrieved from