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Importance of Predictive Power in Early Screening Assessments

Title: The Importance of Predictive Power in Early Screening Assessments: Implications for Placement in the Response to Intervention Framework.
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Name(s): Petscher, Yaacov, author
Kim, Young-Suk, author
Foorman, Barbara R, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2011-06-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: As schools implement response to intervention to identify and serve students with learning difficulties, it is critical for educators to know how to evaluate screening measures. In the present study, Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills Oral Reading Fluency was used to compare the differential decisions that might occur in screening accuracy when predicting two reading comprehension measures (i.e., Stanford Achievement Test-10th Edition and Gates-McGinitie Reading Test-Fourth Edition) at the end of second grade. The results showed that the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills Oral Reading Fluency tended to have higher sensitivity and negative predictive power for Stanford Achievement Test-10th Edition and higher specificity and positive predictive power for Gates-McGinitie Reading Test-Fourth Edition. Furthermore, attempting to achieve a criterion of positive predictive power for a given reading comprehension outcome (Stanford Achievement Test-10th Edition, in this study) appears to render a favorable balance compared to other indices of diagnostic accuracy. These results are discussed in light of trade-offs and a need for considering specific contexts of schools and districts.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_26346970 (IID), 10.1177/1534508410396698 (DOI), PMC4557888 (PMCID), 26346970 (RID), 26346970 (EID)
Keywords: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills Oral Reading Fluency, Predictive power, Reading comprehension, Response to intervention, Screening accuracy
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4557888.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26346970
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Assessment for effective intervention : official journal of the Council for Educational Diagnostic Services.
1534-5084
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 36

Choose the citation style.
Petscher, Y., Kim, Y. -S., & Foorman, B. R. (2011). The Importance of Predictive Power in Early Screening Assessments: Implications for Placement in the Response to Intervention Framework. Assessment For Effective Intervention : Official Journal Of The Council For Educational Diagnostic Services. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_26346970