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Non-Ising-like two-dimensional superconductivity in a bulk single crystal

Title: Non-ising-like Two-dimensional Superconductivity In A Bulk Single Crystal.
Name(s): Zhang, Q. R., author
Rhodes, D., author
Zeng, B., author
Johannes, M. D., author
Balicas, L., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: text
Date Issued: 2016-09-12
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Both Nb3PdxSe7 and Ta4Pd3Te16 crystallize in a monoclinic point group while exhibiting superconducting transition temperatures as high as T-c similar to 3.5 and similar to 4.7K, respectively. Disorder was claimed to lead to the extremely large upper critical fields (H-c2) observed in related compounds. Despite the presence of disorder and heavier elements, H-c2s in Ta4Pd3Te16 are found to be considerably smaller than those of Nb3PdxSe7 while displaying an anomalous, nonsaturating linear dependence on temperature T for fields along all three crystallographic axes. In contrast, crystals of the latter compound displaying the highest T(c)s display H-c2 alpha (1-T/T-c)(1/2), which in monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenides is claimed to be evidence for an Ising paired superconducting state resulting from strong spin-orbit coupling. This anomalous T dependence indicates that the superconducting state of Nb3PdxSe7 is quasi-two-dimensional in nature. This is further supported by a nearly divergent anisotropy in upper-critical fields, i.e., gamma= H-c2(b)/H-c2(a)', upon approaching T-c. Hence, in Nb3PdxSe7 the increase of T-c correlates with a marked reduction in electronic dimensionality as observed, for example, in intercalated FeSe. For the Nb compound, Density functional theory (DFT) calculations indicate that an increase in the external field produces an anisotropic orbital response, with especially strong polarization at the Pd sites when the field is perpendicular to their square planar environment. The field also produces an anisotropic spin moment at both Pd sites. Therefore, DFT suggests the field-induced pinning of the spin to the lattice as a possible mechanism for decoupling the superconducting planes.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000383138700005 (IID), 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.094511 (DOI)
Keywords: critical fields, pdte2 chains, ta4pd3te16, Vortices
Publication Note: The publisher’s version of record is available at
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Physical Review B.
Issue: iss. 9, vol. 94