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Diabetic indicators are the strongest predictors for cardiovascular disease risk in African American adults

Title: Diabetic Indicators Are The Strongest Predictors For Cardiovascular Disease Risk In African American Adults.
Name(s): Carter, Ashley N., author
Ralston, Penny A., author
Young-Clark, Iris, author
Ilich, Jasminka Z., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2016
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: African Americans have higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to other racial groups. Modifiable and non-modifiable factors play a role in the development of both diseases. This study assessed diabetes indicators in relation to other CVD risk factors taking into account confounders, among African American adults. This was a cross-sectional study in mid-life and older African Americans (>= 45 years) who were recruited from the local churches. Fasting blood was collected and serum analyzed for diabetes indicators, apolipoproteins, adipokines, and lipid profile. CVD risk scores were determined using the American Heart Association and Framingham Risk Score assessments. Homeostasis Model Assessments (HOMAs) were calculated using glucose and insulin concentrations. Confounding variables were assessed by questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS software, version 21, and p<0.05 was deemed significant. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze continuous variables. Frequencies and percentages were used to examine categorical variables. T-tests compared different groups while Pearson correlations provided preliminary relationships and determined variables for multiple regression analyses. A total of n=79 participants were evaluated (69% women), 59.3+/-9.2 years, BMI=34.7+/-8.3 (mean+/-SD). As expected, AA men had higher fasting blood glucose than women (123.6+/-54.9 mg/dL versus 99.0+/-21.8 mg/dL), and AA women had higher insulin (11.8+/-13.1 mg/dL versus 7.6+/-6.0 mg/dL). Our study confirmed that it is likely for AA men to have significantly lower adiponectin concentrations in comparison to AA women. Based on the CVD risk assessments, men had a significantly higher risk of developing CVD than women, which has been shown previously. Apolipoproteins, adipokines, and lipid profile also negatively influenced the cardiovascular health outcomes in men. Dietary intake, probably by influencing participants' weight/adiposity, contributed to the differences in cardiovascular outcomes between men and women. In conclusion, the findings of this study revealed that diabetes and serum glucose appeared to be the leading factors for high CVD risk, on the contrary to some other indicators reported in some studies, e.g. hypertension or dyslipidemia.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_wos_000384819900006 (IID)
Keywords: African Americans, Aging, association, atherosclerosis, blood glucose, blood-pressure, cardiovascular disease risk, diet, health, impaired glucose-tolerance, insulin, metabolic syndrome, overweight, postmenopausal women, racial/ethnic differences, Type 2 diabetes
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease.
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 6

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Carter, A. N., Ralston, P. A., Young-Clark, I., & Ilich, J. Z. (2016). Diabetic Indicators Are The Strongest Predictors For Cardiovascular Disease Risk In African American Adults. American Journal Of Cardiovascular Disease. Retrieved from