You are here

Common genetic and nonshared environmental factors contribute to the association between socioemotional dispositions and the externalizing factor in children.

Title: Common genetic and nonshared environmental factors contribute to the association between socioemotional dispositions and the externalizing factor in children.
2 views
0 downloads
Name(s): Taylor, Jeanette, author
Allan, Nicholas, author
Mikolajewski, Amy J, author
Hart, Sara A, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2013-01-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Childhood behavioral disorders including conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often co-occur. Prior twin research shows that common sets of genetic and environmental factors are associated with these various disorders and they form a latent factor called Externalizing. The developmental propensity model posits that CD develops in part from socioemotional dispositions of prosociality, negative emotionality, and daring; and recent research has supported the expected genetic and environmental associations between these dispositions and CD. This study examined the developmental propensity model in relation to the broader Externalizing factor that represents the covariance among behavior disorders in children. Parents of 686 six- to twelve-year-old twin pairs rated them on symptoms of CD, ADHD, and ODD using the disruptive behavior disorder scale and on prosociality, negative emotionality, and daring using the child and adolescent dispositions scale. A latent factor multivariate Cholesky model was used with each disposition latent factor comprised of respective questionnaire items and the Externalizing factor comprised of symptom dimensions of CD, ADHD inattention, ADHD hyperactivity/impulsivity, and ODD. Results supported the hypothesis that the socioemotional dispositions and the Externalizing factor have genetic factors in common, but there was not a single genetic factor associated with all of the constructs. As expected, nonshared environment factors were shared by the dispositions and externalizing factor but, again, no single nonshared environmental factor was common to all constructs. A shared environmental factor was associated with both negative emotionality and externalizing. The developmental propensity model was supported and appears to extend to the broader externalizing spectrum of childhood disorders. Socioemotional dispositions of prosociality, negative emotionality, and (to a lesser extent) daring may contribute to the covariation among behavioral disorders and perhaps to their comorbid expression through common sets of primarily genetic but also environmental factors.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_23017065 (IID), PMC3527638 (PMCID), 23017065 (RID), 23017065 (EID)
Grant Number: P50 HD052120
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3527638.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/epidemiology
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/etiology
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders/epidemiology
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders/etiology
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders/psychology
Child
Comorbidity
Conduct Disorder/epidemiology
Conduct Disorder/etiology
Conduct Disorder/psychology
Diseases in Twins/epidemiology
Diseases in Twins/etiology
Diseases in Twins/psychology
Environment
Female
Florida/epidemiology
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Humans
Likelihood Functions
Male
Models, Psychological
Multivariate Analysis
Propensity Score
Temperament
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_23017065
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines.
1469-7610
Issue: iss. 1, vol. 54

Choose the citation style.
Taylor, J., Allan, N., Mikolajewski, A. J., & Hart, S. A. (2013). Common genetic and nonshared environmental factors contribute to the association between socioemotional dispositions and the externalizing factor in children. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, And Allied Disciplines. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_23017065