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Feeling Older and the Development of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.

Title: Feeling Older and the Development of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.
Name(s): Stephan, Yannick, author
Sutin, Angelina R, author
Luchetti, Martina, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-10-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Subjective age is a biopsychosocial marker of aging associated with a range of outcomes in old age. In the domain of cognition, feeling older than one's chronological age is related to lower cognitive performance and steeper cognitive decline among older adults. The present study examines whether an older subjective age is associated with the risk of incident cognitive impairment and dementia. Participants were 5,748 individuals aged 65 years and older drawn from the Health and Retirement Study. Measures of subjective age, cognition, and covariates were obtained at baseline, and follow-up cognition was assessed over a 2- to 4-year period. Only participants without cognitive impairment were included at baseline. At follow-up, participants were classified into one of the three categories: normal functioning, cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND), and dementia. An older subjective age at baseline was associated with higher likelihood of CIND (odds ratio [OR] = 1.18; 1.09-1.28) and dementia (OR = 1.29; 1.02-1.63) at follow-up, controlling for chronological age, other demographic factors, and baseline cognition. Physical inactivity and depressive symptoms partly accounted for these associations. An older subjective age is a marker of individuals' risk of subsequent cognitive impairment and dementia.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_27436103 (IID), 10.1093/geronb/gbw085 (DOI), PMC5927095 (PMCID), 27436103 (RID), 27436103 (EID), gbw085 (PII)
Keywords: Cognitive impairment, Dementia, Subjective age
Grant Number: R03 AG051960
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Subject(s): Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis
Alzheimer Disease/psychology
Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
Cognitive Dysfunction/psychology
Disease Progression
Health Behavior
Life Style
Likelihood Functions
Logistic Models
Longitudinal Studies
Risk Factors
Self Concept
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences.
Issue: iss. 6, vol. 72

Choose the citation style.
Stephan, Y., Sutin, A. R., Luchetti, M., & Terracciano, A. (2017). Feeling Older and the Development of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia. The Journals Of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences. Retrieved from