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Thinking fast, not slow

Title: Thinking fast, not slow: How cognitive biases may contribute to racial disparities in the use of force in police-citizen encounters.
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Name(s): Mears, Daniel P., author
Craig, Miltonette O., author
Stewart, Eric A., author
Warren, Patricia Y., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-09-17
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Purpose: To illuminate how racial disparities in police use of force may arise and to guide research aimed at explaining such disparities. Methods: We draw on research on policing, racial disparities in criminal justice, and cognitive bias and decision making to argue that police-citizen encounters require rapid assessments that demand reliance on cognitive “shortcuts,” or heuristics, that may influence the use of force. Results: When cognitive shortcuts rely on biases about the dangerousness of racial minorities, they can con-tribute to disparities in the use of force. These biases may interact with those that citizens hold, which creates a greater potential for disparities. In addition, biases of officers and citizens may be influenced by such factors as officer training, social context, and reaction time. Conclusions: Research is needed that identifies cognitive shortcuts used during police-citizen encounters, con-ditions under which they are activated, and strategies for minimizing their role in contributing to racial dis-parities in the use of force.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548708820_1bd6b056 (IID), 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.09.001 (DOI)
Keywords: policing, racial disparities, cognitive bias, use of force
Publication Note: The version of record can be found at https://www.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.09.001.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548708820_1bd6b056
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of Criminal Justice.
Issue: vol. 53

Choose the citation style.
Mears, D. P., Craig, M. O., Stewart, E. A., & Warren, P. Y. (2017). Thinking fast, not slow: How cognitive biases may contribute to racial disparities in the use of force in police-citizen encounters. Journal Of Criminal Justice. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1548708820_1bd6b056