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role of stressful life events preceding death by suicide

Title: The role of stressful life events preceding death by suicide: Evidence from two samples of suicide decedents.
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Name(s): Buchman-Schmitt, Jennifer M, author
Chu, Carol, author
Michaels, Matthew S, author
Hames, Jennifer L, author
Silva, Caroline, author
Hagan, Christopher R, author
Ribeiro, Jessica D, author
Selby, Edward A, author
Joiner, Thomas E, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Text
Date Issued: 2017-10-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Stressful life events (SLEs) are associated with increased risk for suicidal behavior. Less is known regarding the intensity of SLEs and how this may vary as a function of suicide attempt history. As a large percentage of suicide decedents do not have a history of suicidal behavior, SLEs precipitating suicide may help characterize suicidality in this understudied population. This paper examines the intensity, number, and accumulation of SLEs preceding death by suicide among decedents with varying suicide attempt histories. Suicide attempts, SLEs, and suicide methods were examined in two samples: 62 prison-based and 117 community-based suicide decedents. Regression was used to compare the level of stressor precipitating death by suicide in decedents who died on a first attempt versus multiple previous attempts. A non-significant trend was observed in the prison population which was supported by significant findings in the community-based sample. Decedents who died on a first attempt experienced a stressor of a lower magnitude when compared to decedents with multiple previous suicide attempts. We discuss the implications of these findings in relation to the stress-diathesis model for suicide.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28675860 (IID), 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.06.078 (DOI), PMC5603385 (PMCID), 28675860 (RID), 28675860 (EID), S0165-1781(16)32026-1 (PII)
Keywords: Prisons, Stress, Suicide
Grant Number: T32 MH093311
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5603385.
Subject(s): Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Female
Humans
Life Change Events
Male
Middle Aged
Prisoners/psychology
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Stress, Psychological/psychology
Suicide/psychology
Young Adult
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28675860
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Psychiatry research.
1872-7123
Issue: vol. 256

Choose the citation style.
Buchman-Schmitt, J. M., Chu, C., Michaels, M. S., Hames, J. L., Silva, C., Hagan, C. R., … Joiner, T. E. (2017). The role of stressful life events preceding death by suicide: Evidence from two samples of suicide decedents. Psychiatry Research. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_pmch_28675860