You are here

Functional Freedom

Title: Functional Freedom: A Psychological Model of Freedom in Decision-Making.
Name(s): Lau, Stephan, author
Hiemisch, Anette, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Journal Article
Date Issued: 2017-07-05
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The freedom of a decision is not yet sufficiently described as a psychological variable. We present a model of functional decision freedom that aims to fill that role. The model conceptualizes functional freedom as a capacity of people that varies depending on certain conditions of a decision episode. It denotes an inner capability to consciously shape complex decisions according to one's own values and needs. Functional freedom depends on three compensatory dimensions: it is greatest when the decision-maker is highly rational, when the structure of the decision is highly underdetermined, and when the decision process is strongly based on conscious thought and reflection. We outline possible research questions, argue for psychological benefits of functional decision freedom, and explicate the model's implications on current knowledge and research. In conclusion, we show that functional freedom is a scientific variable, permitting an additional psychological foothold in research on freedom, and that is compatible with a deterministic worldview.
Identifier: FSU_pmch_28678165 (IID), 10.3390/bs7030041 (DOI), PMC5618049 (PMCID), 28678165 (RID), 28678165 (EID), bs7030041 (PII)
Keywords: Consciousness, Decision-making, Free will, Freedom, Underdetermination, Volition
Publication Note: This NIH-funded author manuscript originally appeared in PubMed Central at
Persistent Link to This Record:
Owner Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland).
Issue: iss. 3, vol. 7

Choose the citation style.
Lau, S., & Hiemisch, A. (2017). Functional Freedom: A Psychological Model of Freedom in Decision-Making. Behavioral Sciences (Basel, Switzerland). Retrieved from