You are here

Tempered Inclusion

Title: Tempered Inclusion: Syrian-Lebanese and Armenian Immigrants and Progressive Era Policy Making, 1894-1924.

Inaccessible until Sep 1, 2020 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Soash, Richard E., author
Koslow, Jennifer Lisa, 1970-, professor directing dissertation
Edwards, Leigh H., 1970-, university representative
Sinke, Suzanne M., committee member
Garretson, Peter P., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of History, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Doctoral Thesis
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2018
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (208 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Taken as a whole, the progressive reformers who interacted with Syrian-Lebanese and Armenian immigrants generally tried to help, rather than hinder, the two peoples as they began to adjust to life in the United States. Many of the same reformers who sought to aid the two groups were strong nativists who disliked southern and eastern European immigrants’ occupational and political choices and considered Asian immigrants too “alien” to assimilate into the United States. Yet several self-described progressives – both pluralists who accepted most ethnic groups and xenophobes who feared and detested the majority of immigrants – helped the Syrian-Lebanese and Armenians in a variety of ways. They helped the immigrants find employment in the United States. They defended the two groups as “White” and therefore as eligible to become U.S. citizens. And, when passing discriminatory legislation against immigrants from the Asian continent, progressives in Congress carved out exceptions for the two groups. When officials create immigration policy, they are drawing legal lines of inclusion and exclusion. Sometimes the divide falls along the lines of ideology, other times the line is drawn to separate groups of people by geography, class, or religion. As policy-makers work through this process, their biases can have a dramatic effect on immigrants’ lives. The Syrian-Lebanese and Armenians understood the importance of emphasizing the ways in which their socio-economic characteristics aligned with the socio-economic preferences of the era’s policy-makers. This dissertation interrogates the apparent contradiction of progressive nativists advocating in favor of Syrian-Lebanese and Armenian immigrants. By doing so, this work illustrates the intricacies of progressive era policy-making and the far-reaching impact that obscure Congressmen, a lame-duck Senator, and officials buried deep within the federal bureaucracy could have on the lives of everyday individuals trying to navigate life in their new country.
Identifier: 2018_Su_Soash_fsu_0071E_14528 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of History in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Summer Semester 2018.
Date of Defense: May 4, 2018.
Keywords: Armenian, Immigration, Lebanese, Policy, Progressives, Reform
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Jennifer Koslow, Professor Directing Dissertation; Leigh Edwards, University Representative; Suzanne Sinke, Committee Member; Peter Garretson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): United States -- History
Middle East -- History
History, Modern
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Soash, R. E. (2018). Tempered Inclusion: Syrian-Lebanese and Armenian Immigrants and Progressive Era Policy Making, 1894-1924. Retrieved from