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Correlation of Hypertension and Depression

Title: Correlation of Hypertension and Depression: Underserved Population 50 Years of Age or Above.
Name(s): Pearl, Alice Kina, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Research Report
Date Issued: 2019-04-27
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate a quality improvement initiative by a small urban clinic that specializes in the elderly underserved population in south Florida. This initiative was to explore whether there was a correlation between depression and hypertension in the clinic population as well as be proactive in treating depression.Methods: After Florida State University Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval a retrospective chart review was accomplished after the implementation of the depression-screening tool of all patients coming to the clinic for medical appointments. This project gathered data on 100 patients, 50 patients with depression and 50 patients without depression. Hypertension rate was compared on the 100 patients. Depression was screened utilizing the ‘Patient Health Questionnaires’ (PHQ-9) form and the diagnosis data using ICD-10 codes. The information originated from the clinic’s electronic health record (EHR). The office manager provided the de-identified information to the principal investigator. Results: 50 patients (50%) were diagnosed with having depression and 37 patients (47%) had hypertension from a total of 100 patients. The top comorbidities in patients with depression were: hypertension (58%), chronic pain (40%), hyperlipidemia (38%), anxiety and/or panic attack (36%); diabetes mellitus or type II diabetes (26%), insomnia or sleeping disorder (26%), coronary artery disease (CAD) and/or cardiomyopathy (22% of total), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (22%), and gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) (20%). Conclusion: In general the top comorbidities in patients with depression were higher in rate than the same comorbidities in patients without depression. The incidence of depression in this clinic was seven times the national average. The incidence of hypertension was 1.5 times the national average. There was a positive correlation between depression and hypertension in the sample population of this research. The incidence of hypertension in patients with depression was almost double the national average adults with hypertension. Implementing the depression screening tool will better serve the underserved population and promote positive patient outcomes in dealing with comorbidities with depression.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1556367303_746ed6c5 (IID)
Keywords: underserved population, older population, depression, hypertension
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU

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Pearl, A. K. (2019). Correlation of Hypertension and Depression: Underserved Population 50 Years of Age or Above. Retrieved from