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Personality and psychological health in caregivers of older relatives

Title: Personality and psychological health in caregivers of older relatives: A case-control study.

Inaccessible until Apr 29, 2021 due to copyright restrictions.

Name(s): Luchetti, Martina, author
Terracciano, Antonio, author
Stephan, Yannick, author
Aschwanden, Damaris, author
Sutin, Angelina, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Journal Article
Date Issued: 2020-04-29
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Objectives: Being a caregiver of an older adult is often associated with poor psychological outcomes and stress. Individual differences, such as personality, may moderate responses to caregiving. In this study, we examined (a) personality and psychological health of family caregivers compared to non-caregivers and (b) tested interactions between caregiver status and personality (both domains and facets) in predicting psychological outcomes.Methods: Data were from an online sample of caregivers of older relatives (N = 491; 71.9% females) and matched controls (N = 491). Participants completed the Big Five Inventory-2 and a comprehensive set of psychological health and well-being measures.Results: Compared to non-caregivers, caregivers had higher neuroticism, lower energy level (extraversion facet) and higher compassion (agreeableness facet). They also reported higher depression, anxiety, loneliness, and lower well-being and life satisfaction. Personality traits and facets had strong associations with psychological outcomes, and these associations were similar across the two groups. Only a few significant interactions between caregiver status and personality were found: For instance, higher neuroticism (in particular, higher scores on anxiety and depression facets) exacerbated anxiety among caregivers.Conclusions: Personality is a relevant correlate of psychological health. In the context of caregiving, its assessment may help to identify caregivers at risk of poor outcomes and inform intervention programs. Further research is needed to replicate the findings and investigate longitudinal interrelations among variables.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1594324435_a3fa46d5 (IID), 10.1080/13607863.2020.1758907 (DOI)
Keywords: caregivers, control group, older adults, personality traits and facets, psychological health
Publication Note: This is the accepted manuscript, and the version of record can be found at
Grant Number: NIH/NIA, Award Numbers R01AG053297 and R56AG064952; Institute for Successful Longevity, 2017 Planning Grant program, at the Florida State University.
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Aging and Mental Health.

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Luchetti, M., Terracciano, A., Stephan, Y., Aschwanden, D., & Sutin, A. (2020). Personality and psychological health in caregivers of older relatives: A case-control study. Aging And Mental Health. Retrieved from