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Relationship Between Unemployment and College Enrollment and Success Outcomes

Title: The Relationship Between Unemployment and College Enrollment and Success Outcomes.
Name(s): Barbu, Diana G. (Diana Giorgiana), author
Tandberg, David A., professor directing dissertation
Zhang, Jinfeng, university representative
Cox, Bradley, committee member
Park, Toby J., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Education, degree granting college
Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2015
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (154 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: The purpose of this longitudinal study is to explore the relationship between the national unemployment rate and college enrollment and success outcomes (retention, and completion), controlling for student characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status), as well as state and national economic and institutional factors. The study finds that college enrollment and success outcomes at public 4-year institutions of higher education (IHEs) are impacted in a statistically significant manner by variations in the national unemployment rate. A positive relationship was found between the national unemployment rate and undergraduate enrollment, full-time retention, and college completions. However, the impact differed for students with different characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status). Enrollment in public 4-year IHEs of both males and females was found to increase by 1.2 percent and 1.9 percent, respectively, when the national unemployment rate increased by one percent. Blacks and Whites were found to increase enrollment in public 4-year IHEs by 1 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively, or decrease (American Indian, Asian, and Hispanics) enrollments when the national unemployment rates increased. Finally, enrollments of students from the lowest SES quintiles (Q1, Q2) were found to decrease by more than five percent while the ones from the mid to highest quintiles (Q3-Q5) were found to increase by more than 1 percent when the unemployment rates increased.
Identifier: FSU_migr_etd-9288 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester, 2015.
Date of Defense: December 3, 2014.
Keywords: completions, enrollment, retention, unemployment
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: David A. Tandberg, Professor Directing Dissertation; Jinfeng Zhang, University Representative; Brad Cox, Committee Member; Toby Park, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Education, Higher -- Administration
Education, Higher
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Host Institution: FSU

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Barbu, D. G. (D. G. ). (2015). The Relationship Between Unemployment and College Enrollment and Success Outcomes. Retrieved from