You are here

Gender Differences in the Effects of Prison on Recidivism

Title: Gender Differences in the Effects of Prison on Recidivism.
Name(s): Mears, Daniel P., author
Cochran, Joshua C., author
Bales, William D., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Date Issued: 2012-09-01
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Purpose This study examines gender differences in the effectiveness of prison in reducing recidivism. Methods Using data on released male and female prisoners, we apply a propensity score matching methodology to compare the effects of prison on recidivism versus three counterfactual conditions—jail, intensive probation, and probation. Results The analyses indicated that a prison term, as compared to placement on intensive probation or traditional probation, is associated with a greater likelihood of property and drug recidivism. There was little evidence that recidivism was greater when compared to jail, that prison increased the likelihood of violent or other recidivism, or that the criminogenic effect of prison is appreciably greater for females or males. Conclusions The findings do not support arguments that prison is an effective alternative to non-incarcerative punishments or that it exerts a differential effect on females or males. Further research is needed on what features of the prison experience contribute to the observed effects.
Identifier: FSU_libsubv1_scholarship_submission_1461942724 (IID), 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2012.06.009 (DOI)
Publication Note: The author's accepted manuscript of this article is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND: The publisher's version can be found at
Preferred Citation: Mears, Daniel P., Joshua C. Cochran, and William D. Bales. 2012. “Gender Differences in the Effects of Prison on Recidivism.” Journal of Criminal Justice 40(5):370-378.
Persistent Link to This Record:
Host Institution: FSU
Is Part Of: Journal of Criminal Justice.
Issue: iss. 5, vol. 40

Choose the citation style.
Mears, D. P., Cochran, J. C., & Bales, W. D. (2012). Gender Differences in the Effects of Prison on Recidivism. Journal Of Criminal Justice. Retrieved from