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For the Motherland (ለእናት ሀገር)

Title: For the Motherland (ለእናት ሀገር): Traditional Music Performance and Nationalism in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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Transliterated title: For the Motherland (La'enāt hagar): Traditional Music Performance and Nationalism in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Name(s): Bishop, Sarah, author
Gunderson, Frank D., professor directing thesis
Jackson, Margaret R., committee member
Grant, Jonathan A., committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Music, degree granting college
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
Physical Form: online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (116 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: This thesis examines staged performances of traditional music in Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia. It includes the history of traditional performing groups in Ethiopia and their purposes, the continuities and changes in performance practices from the early twentieth century to the present day, and audience perceptions of these performances. Particular attention is given to the relationships between traditional musics and Ethiopian nationalism. In response to the rise of ethno-nationalism in the latter part of the twentieth century, the new government regime that came to power in 1994 employed ethnicity as an organizing principle of the state. The new constitution divided the nation into ethnically-based regions, and the current government promulgates a distinct brand of national rhetoric that attempts to appeal to Ethiopia's diverse people groups and promote peaceful interethnic relations. Traditional music groups have played a role in this project. This thesis will examine how these groups reflect and shape ideas of the ideal Ethiopia and interact with state discourse. This research is based on fieldwork that I undertook from May 22 to July 1, 2015, during which I attended traditional music performances and interviewed musicians, administrators, and audience members. The opinions and sentiments of my interlocutors provide insights into some current perceptions of the government and ethnic allegiances as well as how traditional musics play a role in cultivating national pride and conceptualizing the Ethiopian nation. All audio recordings referred to in this document have been made by the author and are included as supplementary files. They are listed as follows: • Track 1 - Oromo Songs, Dimma: a medley of three Oromo songs from Shewa and Kamise regions, performed by the band at Dimma Cultural Restaurant. • Track 2 - Instrumental, Hager Fikir at Cultural Festival: an instrumental arrangement performed by the Hager Fikir Theatre cultural music team in Meskel Square, Addis Ababa. • Track 3 - Welayta and SNNPR Songs, YOD: a medley of songs from southern Ethiopian ethnic groups, performed by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 4 - Instrumental, Songs in Tizita Major K'inyit, YOD: a demonstration of tizita major, one of the indigenous Ethiopian scales, by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 5 - Instrumental, Songs in Anchihoye K'inyit, YOD: a demonstration of anchihoye, one of the indigenous Ethiopian scales, by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 6 - Instrumental, Songs in Ambassel K'inyit, YOD: a demonstration of ambassel, one of the indigenous Ethiopian scales, by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 7 - Instrumental, Songs in Bati K'inyit, YOD: a demonstration of bati, one of the indigenous Ethiopian scales, by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 8 - Instrumental, Songs in Tizita Minor K'inyit, YOD: a demonstration of tizita minor, one of the indigenous Ethiopian scales, by the band at YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant. • Track 9 - Oromo Songs, Hager Fikir at Cultural Festival: songs from the Oromo ethnic group, performed by the Hager Fikir Theatre music team during a festival at Meskel Square, Addis Ababa. • Track 10 - Tigray Song by Alem, Dimma: songs from the Tigray region, performed by Alem Kassa on vocals and krar at Dimma Cultural Restaurant. • Track 11 - Gondar War Song, YOD: a war song from Gondar, Ethiopia, performed by YOD Abyssinia Cultural Restaurant's band and featuring Melaku Terraken. • Track 12 - Instrumental, Dimma: an opening instrumental medley by the band at Dimma Cultural Restaurant. • Track 13 - Tilahun Gessesse Medley, Dimma: a medley of two songs, the first admonishing Ethiopians to love one another and the second a love song, performed by the band at Dimma Cultural Restaurant. • Track 14 - Song Medley with Welayta, Tigray, and Other Ethnic Groups, Yared School: a medley of songs from several Ethiopian ethnic groups performed in concert by students at the Yared School of Music. • Track 15 - Nationalist Songs, Hager Fikir at Beverage Festival: a medley of Ethiopian patriotic songs, performed by the Hager Fikir Theatre group at Meskel Square, Addis Ababa, during the First Annual Beverage Festival.
Identifier: FSU_2016SP_Bishop_fsu_0071N_13149 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Thesis submitted to the College of Music in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Music.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester 2016.
Date of Defense: April 7, 2016.
Keywords: Ethiopia, ethnomusicology, music, musicology, nationalism, traditional
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: Frank Gunderson, Professor Directing Thesis; Margaret Jackson, Committee Member; Jonathan Grant, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Music
Africa -- Civilization
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2016SP_Bishop_fsu_0071N_13149
Owner Institution: FSU

Choose the citation style.
Bishop, S. (2016). For the Motherland (ለእናት ሀገር): Traditional Music Performance and Nationalism in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Retrieved from http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_2016SP_Bishop_fsu_0071N_13149