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Knowledge Structures and Decision Making in Chess

Title: Knowledge Structures and Decision Making in Chess.
Name(s): Moxley, Jerad, author
Ericsson, K. Anders (Karl Anders), professor directing dissertation
Fennema, Martin G. (Martin Gene), university representative
Charness, Neil, committee member
Wagner, Richard K., committee member
Johnson, Frank, committee member
Florida State University, degree granting institution
College of Arts and Sciences, degree granting college
Department of Psychology, degree granting department
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Text
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2016
Publisher: Florida State University
Florida State University
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, Florida
Physical Form: computer
online resource
Extent: 1 online resource (89 pages)
Language(s): English
Abstract/Description: Abstract Superior decision-making in chess is thought to rely on a combination of knowledge and search. Research has focused primarily on the chess knowledge base reflected by the importance to chess research of the short-term memory recall paradigm. The direct relevance of research on short-term recall of chess position to the domain-specific knowledge that mediates superior move selection, is based on two theoretical assumptions that have not yet been fully tested. The first assumption is that the chess knowledge base is automatically activated during the perception of a position in a similar manner for move-selection and memory tasks. The second assumption is that the knowledge that underlies move-selection can be adequately represented in a few seconds by a memory task. Study 1 will estimate the length of the presentation time required to demonstrate superior move selection for skilled chess players. The second study will examine the link between the knowledge structures thought to underlie chess skill (chunks identified in memory tests) and quality of move selection. Study 2 will present a series of chess positions with two different instructions. In the first condition participants will be instructed to recall as much of the presented position a possible and in the second condition they will be asked to select the best move followed by recall. This study will test for significant differences in the activated chess knowledge in the two conditions and propose a theoretical model for expert move selection based on knowledge and search
Identifier: FSU_2016SP_Moxley_fsu_0071E_12767 (IID)
Submitted Note: A Dissertation submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy.
Degree Awarded: Spring Semester 2016.
Date of Defense: March 22, 2016.
Keywords: expertise, memory, mental representations, skill
Bibliography Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Advisory Committee: K. Anders Ericsson, Professor Directing Dissertation; Martin Fennema, University Representative; Neil Charness, Committee Member; Richard K. Wagner, Committee Member; Frank Johnson, Committee Member.
Subject(s): Cognitive psychology
Persistent Link to This Record:
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Host Institution: FSU

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Moxley, J. (2016). Knowledge Structures and Decision Making in Chess. Retrieved from